India’s relationship with Jordan has always been characterized by warmth and goodwill based on mutual respect. The two countries signed their first bilateral agreement for cooperation and friendly relations in 1947, which was formalised in 1950 when the two countries established full-fledged diplomatic ties. There has been regular exchange of visits between the two countries at all levels over the years.
Cooperation in Multilateral Fora
Our interaction with Jordan in multilateral fora, particularly under UN’s framework has fostered better understanding on mutual concerns and priorities. Jordan had extended its support for India’s candidature for a non-permanent seat in the UN Security Council for the term 2011-12.
The landmark State visit of His Majesty King Abdullah II bin Al-Hussein and Her Majesty Queen Rania to India in December 2006 provided an excellent opportunity for exchange of views on all aspects of our bilateral relations. During the visit, a number of bilateral agreements were signed.
Shri S.M. Krishna, External Affairs Minister (EAM), accompanied by an official delegation, made a transit visit to Amman on 8th and 11th January, 2012 en route to Israel and Palestine. On 8th January, 2012, the Indian side led by EAM and the Jordanian side led by Foreign Minister of Jordan Mr. Nasser Judeh held bilateral talks in Amman. The two sides deliberated on means to foster bilateral relations, latest regional developments and efforts to push the Middle East peace process forward and their interest in continued coordination and consultation on issues of mutual concern. They also stressed upon the need to boost economic and commercial cooperation.
MOS(EA) made a transit halt in Amman on 20th November 2011 en route to his visit to Ramallah (Palestine). During the transit visit MOS(EA) called on then Prime Minister of the Hashemite Kingdom of Jordan H.E. Mr. Awn Shwkat Al-Khasawneh. The discussion focussed on means to enhance relations between the two countries in various fields including regional developments and issues of mutual interest. The two sides also discussed possibility of enforcing protocols signed between the two countries, particularly in labour. MOS (EA)’s earlier visit to Jordan was in September 2007.
Shri Jyotiraditya M. Scindia, Minister of State for Commerce & Industry, paid an official visit to Jordan in February 2010. Shri A.K. Jain, Secretary General, National Human Rights Commission of India(NHRC), represented India at the Asia Pacific Forum on Human Rights held in Amman from 3-6 August, 2009. Besides, there have been other several official level visits including that of Shri K. Saleem Ali, Special Director(S), CBI who paid an official visit to Amman from 16-18 July 2012 to attend the Third Global Focal Point Conference.
A 4-member delegation led by Hon’ble Chief Election Commissioner of India, Dr. S.Y. Quraishi, paid an official visit to Jordan from 17th to 21st March, 2012. He called on the H.E. Dr. Awn AL-Khasawneh, Prime Minister of Jordan and discussed matters of mutual interest. He also met with Governor Saed Shihab, Director of Political Affairs and Society Organizations Department, Ministry of Interior, H.E. Mr. Saluim Al Zoubi, Minister of Justice, H.E. Mr. Ayman Odeh, Minister of State for Prime Ministry Affairs and Legislation, H.E. Mr. Haya Al Quralleh, Minister of Political Development and
Parliamentary Affairs and H.E. Dr. Ibrahim Al Jazi, Minister of State for Legal Affairs. Prof. Dr. Faisal Al-Rfouh, former Minsiter of Culture/Professor & Chairman, Political Science Department, University of Jordan called on the Hon’ble Chief Election Commissioner.
Secretary (East) paid a visit to Amman on 4th August, 2012 to attend NAM Ministerial Committee meeting scheduled for 05-06 August, 2012 which got cancelled in the last moment.
India-Jordan trade is governed by an agreement signed in 1976. A Trade and Economic Joint Committee constituted under the Agreement promotes and monitors the progress. Over the years, bilateral trade has grown rapidly despite global economic downturn. Balance of trade has been in favour of Jordan during the last few years for reasons of massive imports of phosphate and potash by India. There exists a successful cooperation in fertilizer sector between the two countries. In October 2009, foundation stone for an India-Jordan project for manufacturing phosphoric acid in Eshidiya (about 330 Kms south of Amman) was laid by His Majesty the King Abdullah II. The commercial operation of the project is expected to commence by early 2013.