Centre has approved the Union Ministry of Earth Sciences’ Deep Ocean Mission (DOM). The project plans to explore the deepest recesses of the ocean. It is a five-year project. The cost estimated for the project is Rs.8,000 crore.
DOM will commence from October 31, 2019. A blueprint of the program was unveiled by the Ministry last July. One of the proposals is an offshore desalination plant that will work with tidal energy. The projects also propose to develop a submersible vehicle that can go to a depth of at least 6,000 meters with three people on board.
The main objective of the mission is to explore the deep ocean. The mission aims to look for metals and minerals. For this project, India has been allotted a site of 75,000 sq. km. in the Central Indian Ocean Basin (CIOB) by the UN International Sea Bed Authority for the exploitation of polymetallic nodules (PMN).
Various estimations say that 380 million metric tonnes of polymetallic nodules are available at the bottom of the seas in the Central Indian Ocean. India’s Exclusive Economic Zone spreads over 2.2 million sq. km. and in the deep sea, lies unexplored and unutilized.