A pronoun has been theorized to be a word that substitutes a noun or noun phrase.
Types of Pronoun:
* Personal pronouns: I, you, he, she, it, we, they are all personal pronouns.
* Demonstrative pronouns: This, that, these and those are all demonstrative pronouns.
* Interrogative pronouns: who, which, what, where and how are all interrogative pronouns.
* Indefinite pronouns: All, some, any, several, anyone, nobody, each, both, few, either, none, one and no one are the most common.
* Possessive pronouns: Who, which, what, where and how are all interrogative pronouns.
* Reciprocal pronouns: each other and one another are the two most common reciprocal pronouns.
* Relative pronouns: which, that, who (including whom and whose) and where are all relative pronouns.
* Reflexive pronouns: myself, yourself, herself, himself, itself, ourselves, yourselves and themselves (self and selves) words with these are reflexive pronouns.
* Intensive pronouns: An intensive pronoun refers back to another noun or pronoun in the sentence.
Rules of Pronoun:
Rule 1 – Subject pronouns are used when the pronoun is the subject of the sentence. You can remember the subject pronouns easily by filling in the blank subject space for a simple sentence.
Example: ___ did the job.
I, he, she, we, they, who, whoever, etc., all qualify and are, therefore, subject pronouns.
The pronoun must agree with its antecedent. To navigate this agreement successfully, you will need to know these singular and plural pronoun forms:
|he, she, it
|him, her, it
|his, her, hers, its
|himself, herself, itself
Rule 2 – A pronoun should clearly refer to the noun it stands for.
Example: My friend was there with her sister. she was wearing a suit.(incorrect)
My friend was there with her sister. My friend was wearing a suit.(correct)
Rule 3 – The possessive adjective must agree with their antecedents(the word that the pronoun is replacing.).
Example: The boys obey his father.
The girl likes her mother.
Rule 4 – Object pronouns are used everywhere else beyond Rules 1 and 2 (direct object, indirect object, an object of a preposition). Object pronouns include me, him, herself, us, them, themselves, etc.
Examples: Jean saw him. (Him is the direct object.)
Give her the book. ( Her is the indirect object. The direct object is a book.)
Are you talking to me? (Me is the object of the preposition to.)
Rule 5 – To decide whether to use Subject or Object pronouns after the words than or as, mentally complete the sentence.
Examples: Tom is as smart as she/her.
“Tom is as smart as she is”(correct)
He is taller than I/me.
“He is taller than I am.”(correct)
Rule 6 – Possessive Pronouns show ownership and never need apostrophes. Possessive Pronouns: mine, yours, his, hers, its, ours, theirs
Examples: It’s a cold morning.
The thermometer reached its highest reading.
Rule 7 – Reflexive pronouns—myself, himself, herself, itself, themselves, ourselves, yourself, yourselves—should be used only when they refer back to another word in the sentence.
Examples: I did it myself. (Correct )
My brother and myself did it.(Incorrect)
Myself does not refer back to another word. I would be correct here because it is the subject.
Please give it to John or myself. (Incorrect)
Me would be correct here because it is the object. We would say, “Please give it to me.