The Union Government has launched a unique initiative called Bhasha Sangam to introduce school students to 22 Indian languages. This initiative, which is a part of the Ek Bharat Shreshtha Bharat programme, was launched on November 22, 2018, and will continue till December 21, 2018.
The Eighth Schedule of the Indian Constitution lists 22 official languages of the Republic of India. The languages include Hindi, Assamese, Bengali, Bodo, Dogri, Gujarati, Kannada, Kashmiri, Konkani, Maithili, Malayalam, Manipuri, Marathi, Nepali, Odia, Punjabi, Sanskrit, Santali, Sindhi, Tamil, Telugu and Urdu.
Among these languages, initially, 14 were included in the Constitution. However, subsequently Sindhi was added in 1967 by 21st constitutional amendment act, Konkani, Manipuri, and Nepali were added in 1992 by 71st Constitutional Amendment Act and Bodo, Dogri, Maithili, and Santali were added in 2003 by 92nd Constitutional Amendment Act.
1. Bhasha Sangam is a programme for schools and educational institutions to provide multilingual exposure to students in Indian languages.
2. The initiative aims to enhance linguistic tolerance and respect and promote national integration.
3. It also aims to create interest in different Indian languages and instill the curiosity to learn more.
4. There are 22 languages listed in Schedule VIII of the Constitution but most students are familiar with only one or two languages.
5. Under Bhasha Sangam, the students will now be familiarised with the other languages.