According to recently released Global Soil Biodiversity Atlas prepared by World Wide Fund for Nature (WWF), India among nations that face grave danger to soil biodiversity. The atlas was released as part of WWF’s biennial Living Planet Report (LPR) 2018. The key aspect of this year’s report was a threat to soil biodiversity and pollinators, the two key drivers of biodiversity. These two key drivers loss were due to over-exploitation of natural resources and agriculture.
1. It encompasses the presence of micro-organisms, micro-fauna (nematodes and tardigrades for example), and macro-fauna (ants, termites and earthworms).
2. Millions of microbial and animal species live and makeup soils, from bacteria and fungi to mites, beetles and earthworms. Soil biodiversity thus is the total community from genes to species and varies depending on the environment.
WWF’s ‘risk index’ for the globe:-
1. It indicated threats from loss of above-ground diversity, pollution and nutrient over-loading, over-grazing, intensive agriculture, fire, soil erosion, desertification and climate change
2. India was coloured red on the atlas and is among countries whose soil biodiversity faces the highest level of risk. Other countries in this category include Pakistan, China, several countries in Africa and Europe, and most of North America.
It is an international non-governmental organization working field of wilderness preservation and reduction of human impact on the environment. It was formerly named World Wildlife Fund. WWF aims to stop the degradation of the planet’s natural environment and build future in which humans live in harmony with nature. Currently, its work is organized around these six areas: food, climate, freshwater, wildlife, forests, and oceans. It publishes Living Planet Report every two years since 1998 and it is based on Living Planet Index and ecological footprint calculation.