India develops model to forecast reach of Tsunami waves

India would soon be to able to forecast the distance of a destructive tsunami wave after it hits the coast. The prediction could help reduce loss of life and property in the future. The Indian National Centre for Ocean Information Services (INCOIS), under the Ministry of Earth Sciences, has developed a new model that would predict how far the sea water would travel after violating natural boundaries.

The warning service would be a Level-3 alert under India’s Tsunami Early Warning System, which was put in place after the devastating 2004 tsunami. The Level-1 tracks the magnitude of a tsunami and Level-2 generates an alert about a potential tsunami and wave height.

The INCOIS issued an alert last month after high energy waves arising from a cyclonic circulation in the Atlantic off the South African coast hit the Indian coast. The new warning service is likely to become operational by the end of 2018 or early 2019. The INCOIS also conducted a detailed study on the topography of the Indian coast, as a part of the new model. However, India would not be able to provide the new level-3 alert about the extent of inundation of the tsunami wave to these nations unless they provide the topographic data of their coasts.

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