India and Japan held the fourth round of Maritime Affairs Dialogue in New Delhi on July 19, 2018. During the dialogue, key issues related to the Indo-Pacific region and maritime security were discussed. The Indian delegation at the dialogue was led by Pankaj Sharma, Joint Secretary (Disarmament and International Security Affairs) in the External Affairs Ministry, while the Japanese side was led by Ambassador Kansuke Nagaoka, Policy Planning and International Security Policy in the Ministry of Foreign Affairs.
1. India and Japan, both are maritime countries which are highly dependent upon overseas resources and trade for sustainable economies.
2. The naval forces of both the nations conducted joint bilateral naval exercise called Japan-India Maritime Exercise (JIMEX) in 2012. Japan also joined the India-US Malabar maritime exercise, as a fresh start for trilateral maritime talks.
3. In the post-Cold War period, a bilateral agreement between both countries was arranged to enhance regional and maritime security in the Indo-Pacific region.
4. Regarding security challenges, the national security of both countries is closely connected with maritime commons.