India on 14 June 2017 ratified two key core conventions on child labour at the International Labour Conference in Geneva, a step towards complete prohibition of child labour. Labour Minister Bandaru Dattatreya handed over the Instruments of Ratification to the ILO in Geneva as a part of the ceremony.
According to the 2001 census, there were 12.6 million child workers between the ages of 05 and 14 years in India. In 2011, this number fell to 4.35 million. The National Sample Survey Office’s survey of 2009-10 put the number at 4.98 million.
From 14 June 2017 Convention 182 will cover more than 99 percent of the world’s children and the coverage of Convention 138 will leap from approximately 60 percent to almost 80 percent,” ILO Director General Guy Ryder said at the Geneva event.
The ILO has welcomed India’s “great progress” against child labour and the role played by its convergence model of coherence between public policies and services.
The Union cabinet chaired by Prime Minister Narendra Modi had approved the ratification of the two conventions last month.