India should aim for 50 per cent renewable energy by 2030

India should strive for 50 percent of its power generation capacity from renewable sources by 2030 on the back of technological advancements in solar and wind energy. Addressing the 7th Indian Energy Congress in New Delhi yesterday, Mr Goyal said India is the first major country which is fast transitioning into a new era of carbon-free energy for its citizens.

Renewable energy is energy that is collected from renewable resources, which are naturally replenished on a human timescale, such as sunlight, wind, rain, tides, waves, and geothermal heat. Renewable energy often provides energy in four important areas: electricity generation, air and water heating/cooling, transportation, and rural (off-grid) energy services.

The hydrogen can be used in fuel cells, which are similar to batteries, to power an electric motor. In either case significant production of hydrogen requires abundant power. Due to the need for energy to produce the initial hydrogen gas, the result is the relocation of pollution from the cities to the power plants. There are several promising methods to produce hydrogen, such as solar power, that may alter this picture drastically.

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