India, projected to be the most populous country over the next decade, will be the world’s largest milk producer by 2026 and will account for the biggest increase in wheat production globally, according to a report by the UN and OECD. The OECD-FAO Agricultural Outlook 2017-2026 said the world’s population will increase from 7.3 to 8.2 billion over the course of the next decade with India and Sub-Saharan Africa accounting for 56 % of total population growth. India’s population will grow from 1.3 billion to 1.5 billion, an increase of almost 150 million. India will overtake China and is projected to be the most populous country in the world by 2026.
India and Sub-Saharan Africa will also drive a large share of global demand. It over the first quarter of the 21st century, milk production in India will be nearly tripled. Over the course of the outlook period alone, milk production in India will grow 49 %; in 2026, India will be the world’s largest milk producer, with an output one-third above that of the second largest producer, the European Union. Global production of wheat is projected to increase by 11 % over the outlook period of 2017-2026, while the wheat area increases by only 1.8 %. The increase in wheat production is expected to occur through higher yields, most notably in Asia and Pacific, which will account for 46 % of additional wheat production.
The European Union accounts for 13 % of the production increase. Rice production is expected to grow by 66 Mt and will be almost exclusively driven by yield growth, which accounts for 93 % of additional production. The global area dedicated to rice is expected to increase by only a % from the base period, while global yields will increase by 12 %. Major production gains are projected for India, Indonesia, Myanmar, Thailand and Vietnam with yields in these countries are expected to increase by over 15 %.