Indian Space Research Organization (ISRO) recently announced for its upcoming mission over the next 10 years. Apart from much awaited and ambitious Chadrayaan-2, some other mega missions will be conducted.
Among these seven mega missions, ISRO has defined XPoSat and Aditya-L1 missions only. India’s second moon mission, Chandrayaan-2, will be flight ready by May end. ISRO has recently declared that the spacecraft will be launched in July 2019.
U R Rao Satellite Centre (URSC), Bengaluru, formerly known as ISRO Satellite Centre (ISAC) is the lead center for building satellites and developing associated satellite technologies. These spacecraft are used for providing applications to various users in the area of Communication, Navigation, Meteorology, Remote Sensing, Space Science and interplanetary explorations. The Centre is also pursuing advanced technologies for future missions.
1. The XPoSat, or the X-ray Polarimeter Satellite, is a dedicated mission to study polarisation which is scheduled for launch next year.
2. Apart from XPoSat and Aditya-L1 missions, other four undefined missions are Mangalyaan-2, Venus mission, Lunar Polar Exploration, and Exoworlds.
3. Xposat to study cosmic radiation in 2020, Aditya L1 to the Sun in 2021, Mars Orbiter Mission-2 in 2022, Lunar Polar Exploration or Chandrayaan-3 in 2024 and Exoworlds, exploration outside the solar system in 2028.
4. Indian mission would land in the South polar region on Moon, which is an unexplored place till date.
5. Chandrayaan-2 costs about `800-crore. It’d orbit around the moon and perform the objectives of remote-sensing the moon.
6. Xposat will be a five-year mission, carrying a polarimeter instrument made by Raman Research Institute to measure cosmic radiation. The spacecraft will be placed in a circular 500-700km orbit.