The Mayor of Kolkata Municipal Corporation (KMC) 27 September 2018 launched a flood forecasting and early warning system (FFEWS) for Kolkata City to help city officials and citizens act decisively to minimize damage before and during disasters. The launch of FFEWS supplements ADB’s 20-year partnership with KMC to make Kolkata a more livable city through integrated planning and phased investments for resilience building and urban services improvement.
India’s first comprehensive city-level FFEWS will reduce economic loss and impacts on livelihood and improve flood awareness and safety at a community level. The Asian Development Bank (ADB) funded the design and implementation of the FFEWS through a $1 million technical assistance to KMC from its Urban Climate Change Resilience Trust Fund under the Urban Financing Partnership Facility.
ADB has been supporting the KMC through various interventions since 1998, including a $250 million loan under the Kolkata Environmental Improvement Project, which was completed in 2013, and a subsequent $400 million loan under Kolkata Environmental Improvement Investment Program. These projects are helping upgrade and expand the sewerage and drainage network in Kolkata, including flood-prone areas, increasing sewage treatment capacity, improving water supply, managing solid waste and increasing operational efficiencies. Flooding has already been reduced in about 4,800 hectares, and KMC expects further flood reduction in more than 6,000 hectares covered under the project.