The National Technology Day was observed across India on May 11, 2018 to commemorate the anniversary of Pokhran nuclear tests of 1998. The day also marks India’s scientific prowess and technological advancements. On the occasion, various events are organized in technical institutions as well as engineering colleges. Presentations, interactive sessions, quizzes, lectures and competitions are also held to mark the day.
The day is considered as a symbol of pursuit for technological creativity, scientific inquiry and the conversion of that pursuit in the integration of society, industry and science. Every year the Union Ministry of Science and Technology celebrates National Technology Day on May 11. The President of India also presents National Technology Award on the day to individuals as well as companies for their immense contribution to science.
The day is observed to mark the nuclear test that was held in Pokhran on May 11, 1998. The first nuclear test Pokhran with a code named as ‘Smiling Buddha’ was carried out in May, 1974. Overall, five nuclear tests were conducted with the detonation of two fission bombs and one fusion bomb on May 11 and two additional fission bombs on May 13. On May 11, 1998, India successfully test-fired nuclear missile Shakti-I at the Pokhran Test Range of Indian Army in Rajasthan in an operation administered by late president and aerospace engineer Dr. APJ Abdul Kalam.