Three nests of the critically endangered red-headed vulture were found in Chhep Wildlife Sanctuary in Cambodia. The population of this species is possibly less than 50 in Cambodia. These nest discoveries give hope that conservation efforts may save this species from extinction.
Global vulture populations are declining at an alarming rate. Cambodia’s three vulture species red-headed, slender-billed and white-rumped – are all listed on the International Union for Conservation of Nature (IUCN) Red List as critically endangered, indicating a very high risk of extinction in the wild. Cambodia supports the largest population of vultures in Southeast Asia, but there are only a few hundred vultures left in the country.
India is home to four critically endangered vulture species the red-headed, white-rumped, long-billed and slender-billed; two near threatened species bearded and Himalayan griffon; and one endangered the Egyptian vulture. Increased levels of hunting, forest loss and land conversion, land encroachment and selective logging negatively affect the birds through loss of nesting sites and reduction in prey availability. The cinereous vulture, a wintering migrant to India from Europe, is also facing the threat of extinction.