New glass frog species discovered in Ecuador

A group of scientists have discovered a new species of glass frog, of the genus Hyalinobatrachium. The frog’s beating heart can be seen right through its chest.The new species, Hyalinobatrachium yaku was found in the Amazonian lowlands of Ecuador.The frog boasts green spots across its back and a ‘red heart fully visible’ underneath, visible due to the transparent membrane around its organs.One of the special features of this newly discovered variant is an almost completely see-through belly, where the heart, stomach, and blood vessels are on vivid display, albeit covered in some kind of white coating.The same study announcing the new species discoveries points out the threats facing the newly identified glass frogs. Specifically, the authors point to the Ecuadorian government’s plans to ramp up oil extraction in the area where the frogs were discovered, which can lead to threats such as water pollution and new road networks through the forests of the Amazonian lowlands that are the frog’s natural habitat.

While the general background coloration of most glass frogs is primarily lime green, the abdominal skin of some members of this family is transparent.The internal viscera, including the heart, liver, and gastrointestinal tract, are visible through the skin, hence the common name is given glass frog.They are arboreal animals, meaning they spend most of their lives in trees and will come to the ground only during the mating season.Females lay 20 to 30 eggs on the underside of leaves that hang right above the water. Males guard the eggs until these are ready to hatch and fall on the below water stream.As of now, more than 60 different species of glass frogs are known, the latest being Hyalinobatrachium yaku.

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