Odisha has achieved highest decline in Infant Mortality Rate (IMR) has declined by 56 points released on 2 March 2017. This decline is far better than the national average. According to the fourth round of the National Family Health Survey (NFHS), Odisha’s IMR has come down by 29% between 2005 and 2015 which is highest trend in the country. It was 96 per 1000 births in 2000 has been reduced to 40 in 2015-16. The impressive and sharp decline in IMR and overall improvement in different health indicators of the State in the last 16 years was achieved due to several initiatives of the government. To ensure safe deliveries and healthy infants, the Mamata scheme- a conditional cash transfer maternity benefit scheme for pregnant women and lactating mothers has made a significant contribution.
It includes IMR Reduction Mission and Nabajyoti scheme launched in 2001, which had carried through initiatives to strengthen institutional deliveries, improve antenatal check-ups, immunisation and family planning coverage. Besides, state’s MAMATA scheme, a conditional cash transfer scheme for pregnant women and lactating mothers also has made a significant contribution in ensuring safe deliveries and healthy infants. The state government allocated Rs 345 crore in 2017-18 under MMSS that aims to strengthen health infrastructure, it earmarked Rs 45 crore under SAMPURNA that will focus on 15 high burden districts for accelerated reduction of IMR and MMR.