Palestinian Foreign Minister Riyad al-Malki declared on December 26, 2018, that Palestine would initiate an application to gain full state membership at the United Nations in January 2019.
The application to upgrade Palestine’s status from an observer state to a full-member state will be filed to the UN Security Council (UNSC) during the state Foreign Minister’s visit to New York next month. The decision has been taken upon Palestinian President Mahmoud Abbas’ instructions.
To secure full state membership, the Palestinians would require the support from at least nine out of the UNSC’s 15 member states. Besides this, the Palestinian Minister said that he would demand the UNSC implementation of Resolution 2334 and ask the International Criminal Court (ICC) to open an official inquiry into Israeli settlement construction.
According to UNSC Resolution 2334, the UN Secretary-General should present the Security Council with a progress report every three months on Israeli settlement activities in the occupied Palestinian territories. Palestine has been recognised by the UN as a non-member observer state since 2012.
Acknowledging the proclamation of the State of Palestine by the Palestine National Council in November 1988, the United Nations General Assembly decided that, effective as of December 1988, the designation “Palestine” should be used in place of the designation “Palestine Liberation Organization” in the United Nations System.