Three separate petitions have been filed in the Supreme Court seeking a direction to the Centre to ensure strict population control measures by adopting a two-child policy and reward or punish those who adhere or fail to follow it. The petitions, filed by advocates Anuj Saxena, Prithviraj Chauhan and Priya Sharma, claimed that statistics relating to population growth indicate that by 2022, the population of India is likely to pass the 1.5 billion mark.
1. Earlier, on February 12, activist Anupam Bajpai had also moved the apex court alleging that the increase in population was imposing an increasing burden on the limited natural resources of the country and causing continuous degradation.
2. The PILs, which are likely to come up for the hearing next week, that unemployment, poverty, illiteracy, poor health, pollution and global warming are a few effects of the population explosion that is being experienced in the country.
3. The PILs also claimed that since India has the youngest workforce in the world and due to this extreme population explosion, the youth are driving towards unemployment. “The population of India was around 361 million during the census of 1951. It reached over 1.21 billion during the census of 2011,” the PILs claimed.
4. Direct the respondents (Centre) to formulate policies with a vision to encourage and/or reward the family who is adhering to two child policy, and punish appropriately, who are in non-compliance of the same.
5. Population explosion is a social problem and it is deeply rooted in the society. So efforts must be done to remove the social evils in the country.
6. There is still discrimination against the women. They are confined to four walls of the house. They are still confined to rearing and bearing of children. So women should be given opportunities to develop socially and economically. Free education should be given to them.
7. The spread of education changes the outlook of people. The educated men prefer to delay marriage and adopt small family norms. Educated women are health conscious and avoid frequent pregnancies and thus help in lowering birth rate.