The United Nations Security Council (UNSC) has adopted Resolution 2427 aimed at providing the legal framework for mainstreaming protection, rights, well-being, and empowerment of children throughout the conflict cycle. The resolution has won unanimous approval of the 15 members of the council.
The resolution strongly condemns recruitment and use of children in armed conflicts as well as their re-recruitment, killing and rape, maiming and other forms of sexual violence and abductions. It also condemns attacks against schools and hospitals and denial of humanitarian access by parties to armed conflict and all other violations of international law committed against children in situations of armed conflict.
It demands that all relevant parties immediately put end to such practices and take special measures to protect children. It also emphasizes the responsibility of all states to put end to impunity and investigate and prosecute those responsible for genocide, crimes against humanity, war crimes and other egregious crimes perpetrated against children.
It also stresses the importance of long-term and sustainable funding for mental health and psychosocial programming in humanitarian contexts and ensuring all affected children receive timely and sufficient support and encourage donors to integrate mental health and psychosocial services in all humanitarian responses.
According to an annual report of UN Secretary-General on children and armed conflict, over 21,000 cases of grave violations of children’s rights in armed conflict were verified in 2017. It is the drastic increase from a previous year (2016) with 15,500 violations. Among the violations in 2017, over 15,000 violations were perpetrated by non-state armed groups and about 6,000 were committed by government forces.
UNSC is the most powerful and one of the six principal organs UN. Under, the UN Charter it has primary responsibility for the maintenance of international peace and security. It has 15 members, including five permanent ones with the power of veto. The five permanent members are China, France, Russia, the UK and US. 10 non-permanent members are elected for two-year terms each. Its powers include the establishment of peacekeeping operations, establishment of international sanctions, and authorization of military action through UNSC resolutions. It is only the UN body with authority to issue binding resolutions to member states.