India after having a sufficient achievement in space study and research the Union Ministry of Earth Sciences (MoES) has decided to launch ‘Deep Ocean Mission’ by January 2018. This decision was announced by M Rajeevan, Secretary of the Ministry of Earth Sciences on 30 May 2017
It will not only involve the ministry but also other ministries like Department of Science and Technology and Department of Biotechnology”.On 26 January 1981, the program on Polymetallic nodules was initiated at CSIR-NIO (Council of Scientific & Industrial Research- National Institute of Oceanography), where they collected the first nodule sample from the Arabian Sea on board the first Research Vessel Gaveshani.In 1987, India became the first country in the world, which was provided with the Pioneer Area for exploration of deep-sea mineral viz. Polymetallic nodules in the Central Indian Ocean Basin. This was based on the extensive surveys carried out by the scientists of CSIR-NIO, on several research ships leading to the allocation of an area of 150,000 sq. km to the country with exclusive rights under the UN Law of the Sea.Under Ministry of Earth Sciences.
the national program on Polymetallic nodules development of metal extraction process by CSIR-National Metallurgical Laboratory of Jamshedpur with CSIR- Institute of Minerals and Metals Technology, Bhubaneswar and development of mining technology by National Institute of Ocean Technology, Chennai will Impact Assessment studies for nodule mining by CSIR-NIO.In light of the asset assessment, India has now held a zone of 75,000 sq km with an expected asset of around 100 million tons of vital metals such Copper, Nickel, Cobalt other than Manganese and Iron. A First Generation Mine-site (FGM) with a range of 18,000 sq km has been identified.Latest technologies for extraction of metals from the minerals have also been developed under the programme.