World’s first floating nuclear plant operational in Russia

Akademik Lomonosov, the world’s first “floating” nuclear power plant (FNPP) for installation in remote areas, has been started and brought to 10 per cent of its capacity, Russian state-run atomic energy corporation Rosatom announced on 11 December 2018.

We successfully conducted tests in accordance with the schedule. There is no doubt that by next autumn we will tow Akademik Lomonosov to Pevek, as planned. We consider this project as a new product which is of interest, not only for the grid-isolated Russian Arctic regions but also for a number of other countries.

Rosatom is also the equipment suppliers and consultants for the Kudankulam Nuclear Power Project in Tamil Nadu. The power start-up is a series of functionality and safety tests conducted on Lomonosov’s reactor required to be completed before connection to the grid.

An FNPP is basically a mobile, low-capacity reactor unit operable in remote areas isolated from the main power distribution system, or in places hard to access by land. They are designed to maintain both uninterruptible power and plentiful desalinated water supply in remote areas.

The FNPP has a capacity of 70MW and is equipped with two reactors of 35MW each. According to Rosatom, an FNPP’s operational lifespan is 40 years, with the possibility of being extended up to 50 years. Russia is already working on second-generation floating nuclear power plant which will be equipped with two reactors with an increased capacity of 50MW each.

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